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Russia and Baltic States
- 203 Russia mobilizes army to fight fires august 2010
- 202 The 2nd Wave Is Coming in Russia
- 201 Russia 2008 Travel Summary & Local laws and customs
- 200 Russia New legislation for real estate & tax rules may 2007
- 199 Russian ex-president Yeltsin dies
- 198 Journalist Anna Politkovskaya has been posthumously awarded
- 197 We must ask ourselves: Do we live in a society where corruption is a moral perversity to the normal flow of things? 28/9 2006
- 196 Transparency International listed Russia as one of the nations where perceived corruption had increased from the previous years survey, sep 2006
- 195 The Kremlin is warning Western governments july 2006
- 194 EU,US, Baltic States These countries have become the enemies in the new "chilly war" May 06
- 193 In fact, Russia is not so unique in having a problem with corruption -- indeed, most countries of the world operate in similar conditions 17 mai 06
- 192 Heads roll in anti-corruption drive 15 May 2006
- 191 Strong rebuke for the Kremlin - mai 2005
- 190 The energy ministers of the European Union (EU) have called on Russia to speed up the ratification of the Energy Charter, but Russia is not in a hurry to comply. April 06
- 189 Its a great story, but its an ugly one, too. Russia feb 2006
- 188 "The fish rots from the head." Indeed! jan 2006
- 187 Some estimates indicate that corruption in universities is rising by 7-10 percent annually, jan 2006
- 186 Russia Organized crime still remains a major challenge dec 2005
- 185 Russia’s Forestry Industry is perceived as one of the most corrupt in the world Nov 2005
- 184 Russia has reverted to the Wild East. But these days the crooks are the government. May 2005
- 183 U.N. Officials Cited in Oil - For - Food Case ´´take care´´ of ´´U.N. Official No. 1.´´ april 2005
- 182 UNDERSTANDING PALESTINIAN POLITICS , nov 2004
- 181 UNDERSTANDING TERROR NETWORKS, november 2004
- 180 PUBLIC THEOLOGY AND DEMOCRACYS FUTURE
- 179 Jan 20, 2004, When a leader who is trusted goes into battle, he must not be left alone
- 178 There may be an element of poetic justice in Vladimir Gusinsky
- 177 RUSSIA Groups Urge Putin on Privatization
- 176 Putin wanted to discuss methods of battling corruption
- 175 Corruption Costs Russia USD 30 Billion a Year
- 174 More Russians Back in Davos Feb 2003
- 173 Police officers were secretly members of criminal groups
- 172 THE TURKISH FACTOR IN THE GEOPOLITICS OF THE POST-SOVIET SPACE
- 171 EU candidates face corruption issues Nov 2002
- 170 Assassination of Magadan Governor Valentin Tsvetkov,
- 169 The Resurgence of Lies and Disinformation
- 168 Oil and trade play part in U.N. debate on Iraq
- 167 Center-Right Wins Latvian Poll
- 166 Radio Liberty Stripped Of Status
- 165 Most visits to Lithuania are trouble-free
- 164 The Soviet secret police -- VChK, GPU, NKVD, KGB Top Secret Files Tell Story of Expulsion
- 163 The Men Who Tried to Topple Mikhail Gorbachev
- 162 No Fireworks for 10th Anniversary After 10 Year No 7
- 161 Fall of the Soviet Union Symbolized Death of an Idea 10 Year after No 6
- 160 Defenders Recount Their Moment of Glory 10 Year after no 5
- 159 Communist Party Comes Full Circle 10 Year after No 4
- 158 What Putin Did During The Coup
- 157 Economic Crash No One Saw Coming 10 year after no 2
- 156 The Coup 1991 - 2001 Ten Years after no 1
- 155 OPEC, Russia and Iraq
- 154 Iran has said it wants the sea split equally between the five while Russia, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan
- 153 the worlds third-largest nuclear arsenal belonged to little Ukraine
- 152 The shortcomings of Russias bureaucracy are legion, its incompetence is legendary
- 151 ............called for Chubais to quit. sep 2002
- 150 $3Bln Baku-Ceyhan Pipeline Gets Under Way
- 149 LUKoil in Talks With Kidnappers
- 148 Berezovsky & "The Godfather" and "Citizen Kane."
- 147 Not All Listen to Putins Orders
- 146 In Russia, majority shareholders rights do not exist
- 145 United States has blacklisted three Russian defense contractors it says are "transferring lethal military equipment" to countries supporting terrorism
- 144 Under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations of 1963..........the Pacific port of Vladivostok
- 143 The Dignity of Difference: Avoiding the Clash of Civilizations
- 142 Russian companies paid a total of 33.5 billion dollars in bribes
- 141 Duma member Vladimir Golovlyov shot dead in contract killing aug 2002
- 140 Putin issues Ethics Code for civil servants aug 2002
- 139 Latvia Premier signs decree on party financial declarations
- 138 Whatever Happened To Those Vouchers? Mr Putin?
- 137 Russia with Iran, and in particular its sale of nuclear technology
- 136 First Deputy Smolensk Governor Vladimir Prokhorov was shot and killed
- 135 Smuggling, da. Extortion, da. Murder, da.
- 134 Kremlin Kills Plan To Retake Resources
- 133 U.S. to Russia: Clean corruption up
- 132 Latvia Government decides on third competition to find anti-corruption chief
- 131 We do not give out any information!
- 130 "The U.S. Media -- Problems of Free Speech."
- 129 Defenders of the oligarch system in Russia liken the development to that of the robber barons in the United States and elsewhere
- 128 There Is a New Billionaire in Town
- 127 FREE PRESS in RUSSIA 2002, sorry its not
- 126 Russia Tracking down IMF billions Crime and Corruption Watch 27 Jun 2002
- 125 Russians pay for state corruption 07.2002
- 124 BUSHS SEARCH FOR COMMON GROUND june 2002
- 123 A bribery arrest in Krasnoyarsk
- 122 Georg P Shultz THE WORK OF DIPLOMACY Before & after the 11 sep 2001
- 121 THE FUTILE SEARCH FOR "ROOT CAUSES" OF TERRORISM
- 120 CIA Will Continue Search for New Russian Technologies
- 119 Swiss to repay Russia over bail for corrupt ex-Kremlin adviser Borodin
- 118 Lithuanian President Valdas Adamkus urged lawmakers to strengthen the fight against corruption
- 117 At present legal base for the transport and freight forwarding activities in the Russian Federation practically doesnt exist
- 116 Either the United States would cease to be a democracy or the Soviet Union would cease to be a Leninist dictatorship
- 115 Back to the USSR
- 114 From Russia With Love
- 113 "check that the paperwork was done correctly, but look right past the deeply corrupt heart of the matter
- 112 Stepashin Turns Up Heat on Ministers
- 111 After he refused to pay a police major a $20,000 bribe
- 110 With auditing today 10 years after the term arrived on the Russian market it turns out that everyone understands it differently
- 109 Putin said 7,000 killers had escaped punishment last year and that hundreds of thousands of other criminals
- 108 Majority of Russians believe Russia is among 10 most corrupt countries 02.02
- 107 He seems to have powerful patrons, and he is very smart The Corruption is still going on. Febr 02
- 106 Kremlin bailiffs pull the plugs on last independent television network jan 2002
- 105 GlavUpDK pays no taxes on the land it uses.
- 104 Indeed, last year Mr. Bush cited the 30 percent Russian.... January 25, 2002
- 103 Pugachyov is not some Putin protege plucked from obscurity TV 6 NTV jan 2002
- 102 Russian President Vladimir Putin appears to be ushering in a new era
- 101 Two held in first criminal probe into Gazprom
- 100 During its eight years of operation, Estline never posted a profit 2002.01
- 99 Corruption remains major problem in Latvia "I dont see any light at the end of the tunnel", 2002
- 98 Putin warns audit chambers against politicisation . jan 02
- 97 Bosse Ringholm - Riksgälden och Flygförsäkringsmarknaden!
- 96 Work to curb economic crime, corruption not good enough - Russian minister 25 dec 2001
- 95 Putin Answers Russians´ Questions NYT 24 dec 2001
- 94 Russia there is only one easy and relatively inexpensive way to ship goods -- by rail
- 93 Chubais Doesnt Mind the Heat Over UES
- 92 And Gazprom will soon find out if it is next
- 91 The Yeltsin-era insiders career is over and a wider war on corruption is under way
- 90 Visa hassles for many tourists are to be reduced from feb 02
- 89 Ombudsman concerned with corruption at Russian border checkpoint
- 88 Probes Giving Ministers Jitters
- 87 Moscow Gets New Tool for Money Monitoring
- 86 RUSSIA: The government-criminal alliance
- 85 RUSSIA: Rankings Rain on Economic Parade
- 81 Foreign Policy Research Institute WATCH ON THE WEST
- 80 Are Bribes a Great Deal? Russia 2001?
- 79 The attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., 11 September 2001
- 78 U.S. Campaign Presents Benefits for Russia
- 77 Foreign Workers Face New Red Tape
- 76 The attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., 11 September 2001
- 75 Yakovlev Decree Sets Sights on Corruption
- 74 New Details in RusAl Murder Suit
- 73 Stealing the State, and Everything Else A Survey of Corruption in the Postcommunist World
- 72 St. Pete Should Brace for Capital Invasion
- 71 Why Does Russia Need Vertical Integration?
- 70 After a false start, Russia may at last be breaking free of the shackles of
- 69 "There is no place for a radio like Ekho Moskvy here anymore."
- 68 RUSSIA: Ethos of corruption in nuclear establishment
- 67 Baltic States Membership in NATO Unlikely
- 66 RUSSIA: Audit blasts $880 million Moscow charity scheme
- 65 RUSSIA: $10 billion per year foreign direct investment lost due to non-transparency says PwC
- 64 RUSSIA: Prosecutor vows to pursue extradition of media mogul
- 63 Corruption in Russian newspapers exposed
- 62 Putin tightens curbs on press with bank raid
- 61 Wife Says Russians Have Rediscovered Their Pride
- 60 Putin Moving to Control Russia on All Political Levels
- 59 Oligarch hits out at his Kremlin monster
- 58 Russian Journalists Targeted in Attacks Corruption Investigators Face Slashed
- 57 Putin Moving to Control Russia on All Political Levels
- 56 Oligarch hits out at his Kremlin monster
- 55 RUSSIA: MEDIA EXECUTIVE ORDERED ARRESTED, VOWS TO STAY OUT OF COUNTRY
- 54 WESTERN AID TO RUSSIA ``LACKING OVERALL STRATEGY``
- 53 USA: GAO AUDIT REPORT FINDS AID TO RUSSIA FAILED
- 52 GAO AUDITORS SAY AGRICULTURE DEPARTMENT LAX IN HANDLING RUSSIAN FOOD AID
- 51 BANKS WORK WITH TRANSPARENCY INTERNATIONAL TO ESTABLISH ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING PRINCIPLES
- 50 The High Price of Russias Military Improvement Plan
- 49 In Russia, Rich Get Poorer, Poor Get Poorer
- 48 Russia Makes me Nervous-Latvias Vike-Freiberga
- 47 RUSSIA: GIANT MEDIA FIRM CHARGED WITH FRAUD OVER ASSETS TRANSFERRED OFFSHORE
- 46 RUSSIA: ELECTRONIC ANTI-CORRUPTION PROPOSED USING THE INTERNET
- 45 Increasing the Risk of Investing in Russian Companies
- 44 Russian auditor confirms graft in Govt.
- 43 Swiss firms mafia links
- 42 Russia: Putin’s Coming Concession to the Oligarchs
- 41 Gridlock: All Trains Lead to Moscow
- 40 BEREZOVSKII SAYS KREMLIN THREATENS HIM OVER ORT SHARES
- 39 Russia continues to be an intensely dangerous place to work
- 38 The Long Arm of Organized Crime Reaches Deeply Into St. Petersburg's
- 37 RUSSIA
FEDERAL PROSECUTOR SEEKS TO OVERTURN PRIVATIZATION DEAL…
- 36 Russia Makes me Nervous
- 35 Putin Begins Crackdown on Russia's Oligarchs
- 35 Russia Formulates a Hybrid Economy
- 35 Regional Bosses Give Initial O.K. To Putin Move
- 34 Latvia Worried About Delay in NATO Baltic Expansion after Yugoslav War
- 34 Moscow Threatens "Hostile" Western Media
- 33 Russia’s Dwindling Population Ensures Rigid Foreign Policy
- 32 Paper Mocking Yakovlev Is Seized
- 31 Russians Plan To Jack Energy Prices
- 30 Moscow Budget
- 29 Baghdad, Belgrade and Moscow Collaborate Against Washington
- 28 Actualizing
the Alliance: Russia and China Move Toward a Pipeline
- 27 Russia Helping Iraq Upgrade Air Defenses
- 5 The Consequences of Russias Looming Food Shortage
- 4 Putin’s Friendly Face Will Not Last
- 3 Reforms in Post-Soviet Russia Failed. Nov 1999
- 2 THE CRISIS IN RUSSIA (Published in USA Sep 1998)
- 1 To bee a good Citizen of Sweden you must remember this?
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AMERICA, EUROPE, AND RUSSIA:
BUSHS SEARCH FOR COMMON GROUND
President Bushs visit to Europe in May 2002 highlighted several important trends in American policy and focused on two related issues: the war on terrorism and bringing Russia
into a closer relationship with the West. Although some publicized aspects of the trip like the arms control agreement with Russia involved more show than substance,
negotiations behind the scenes at each stop on the schedule addressed contentious matters involving Iraq and other problems. Not surprisingly, however, media coverage on both
sides of the Atlantic stuck with an older and more dramatic script that emphasizes public differences in a way that obscures the issues at stake.
The hectic schedule for President Bushs trip began on Thursday, May 23 with a visit to Berlin, where he addressed the Bundestag, before proceeding to meetings in Russia and
France and concluding with an event in Rome that marked the creation of the NATO-Russia council. After a rocky start in early 2001, the Bush administration began to develop better
relations with both Americas European allies and Russia by the late summer. September 11 accentuated what the West had in common and what Russia could do to meet a common threat
from Al Qaeda and similar groups. Thus, Russian cooperation in the war on terrorism, the problem of Islamic radicalism, fears about Muslim immigrants, and the political shift to
the right in Continental Europe together provide a very different context from only a year ago.
GERMANY: THIRD WAY OR NO WAY?
Under Gerhard Schroeder, a continental advocate of the third way politics introduced by Bill Clinton and seemingly perfected by Tony Blair, the "Berlin Republic" has become
far more assertive than its predecessors, leading to serious doubts about the France-German partnership at the heart of
the European Union. Bush had not stopped in Germany during the first European trip of his administration in June 2001 and German commentators had been leading critics of the
United States. After September 11, however, Schroeder pledged full support for American military action in Afghanistan and ordered the deployment of German troops
overseas that remains controversial. Germany has forces in Kuwait as well as Afghanistan, and there has been no categorical refusal to join in action against Iraq. But domestic strains are evident. The Bundestag narrowly voted to confirm Schroeders policy on November 16, 2001 when it became clear that defeating the measure would split the
governing coalition led by Social Democrats and Greens.
Rank and file members of both parties resented the vote bitterly, and a resurgence of pacificism and anti- Americanism has marked the German center-left since the end of 2001.
Tensions within German domestic politics thus set the backdrop to Bushs visit. Polls show the opposition alliance of Christian Democrats and Bavarias Christian
Social Union leading Schroeders Social Democrats, though Schroeder himself outpolls his opponent Edmund Stoiber,
currently Bavarias minister-president. September 11 opened a fault line on crime and immigration that has hurt the
left, and Schroeders efforts to hold his own base may alienate the wider German electorate. Stoiber pointedly criticized anti-American protesters and praised Bushs May 23 speech in Berlin for concentrating on what united Europe and the United States rather than their differences.
Bushs address dealt with both the war on terrorism and democracy in Europe.He invoked earlier threats to remind Europeans that they too would be open to terrorist attack,
added a discussion of the need for targeted development aid to prevent the emergence of failed states, and invoked joint action as the best way forward. The president omitted any
public discussion of Iraq, having earlier told journalists that there were no war plans on his desk.
Much of Bushs speech, however, looked beyond the campaign against terrorism to the broader agenda of consolidating democratic stability in Europe, including a new relationship
with Russia. He emphasized the EU and NATO as the definition of institutional Europe, invoked a cultural heritage, and in general echoed his overlooked Warsaw speech on June 15, 2001. The Berlin speech,like that earlier one, offered themes that most Germans could support,and, following September 11, were more likely to support as politics shifted to the right.
RUSSIA; A NEW ERA?
Buoyed by his German success, Bush then launched the more dramatic initiative of his trip,the new engagement with Russia bilaterally and through NATO. The excellent
chemistry between the affable Bush and reticent Putin, surprising in itself, was again on display along with a few novel transactions. Disappointing those legions of lawyers
interested in arms control, they signed a treaty only three pages long and free of the usual lengthy (and disputable)verification procedures.Thus both countries confirmed
their intentions to reduce missile inventories over the next twelve years. Coming as it did not long after Russia
accepted the United States withdrawal from the 1972 Anti- Ballistic Missile treaty, this modest exercise offered the maximum deflation for the excessive expectations that have
accompanied past arms control regimes.
Beneath the treaty and displays of public diplomacy in Moscow and St. Petersburg lay the uneven terrain of actual relations between Putins Russia and Bushs America. Russia
has played a key part in the war against terrorism, particularly during efforts to topple the Taliban regime in Afghanistan, and counterterrorism remains high on the agenda
for Putin and Bush. Still, Russias commitment to the Bush administrations policy remains ambiguous.Bush openly questioned Russian assistance to Irans nuclear program while anonymous briefers raised questions about Russias technical contribution to Irans deployment of medium range Shahab 3 missiles. In the style of his Soviet predecessors, Putin denied all,and noted that other European countries have also aided Tehran.
Russia also has its complaints. Steel tariffs that sparked outrage from Japan and the European Union also hurt sectors of Russian manufacturing that have been increasingly
competitive in global markets since the late 1990s.
Barriers to Russian steel exports led to retaliation against American chicken producers, which in turn brought a
Congressional vote in favor of Radio Liberty/Radio Free Europe broadcasts to Chechnya that again raised hackles in
Moscow. Another American law--The Jackson Vanik Amendment to the 1974 Trade Act that linked most favored nation status with free emigration from communist states--remains a
symbolic irritant for Russia. The Soviet Union received a waiver during the Gorbachev era and the legislation remains in force despite the Soviet collapse and other changes. Repeal would have been a welcome public gesture for Bushs visit, especially given Russias desire to improve trade with the West, but it fell prey to the dispute over poultry exports to Russia.
In short, the current good relationship between the United States and Russia remains very much the artifact of presidential enthusiasms. As such,it faces many tests,especially in the war on terrorism, before it can be described as either a partnership or an alliance.
FRANCE: DIVERGENCE FROM WASHINGTON OR CONVERGENCE?
Bush arrived in Paris on Sunday, May 26. As in Germany, domestic politics set the context for discussing security policy. The surprising defeat of former Socialist Premier Lionel Jospin and the rise of Jean Marie Le Pen as Chiracs final opponent in recent presidential elections marginalized the French left. While the lefts failure to support a single candidate helped Le Pen edge past the decidedly
uncharismatic Jospin in the first round of voting,the overall vote indicated a decisive shift to the right that subsequently brought Chirac a majority in the June legislative elections that followed Bushs visit. Suddenly
the French political agenda had changed dramatically and with it the French propensity to deride American policy.
Crime and outbreaks of anti-Semitic violence linked with Muslim immigrants from North Africa fueled popular backlash that has implications for French cooperation with Washington. The May 8,2002 attack on a French technical group in Pakistan reinforced the trend to work with the United States.It is noteworthy that Chirac reached out to
Washington in 1995 as part of a stalled effort to reorient French foreign policy during the early part of his administration. The impact of September 11 and domestic
political change within France may promote new overtures,particularly if Chiracs allies win a majority in forthcoming legislative elections. Such a step by Chirac would be made with much less publicity than efforts by
Russia or center-right governments elsewhere in Western Europe to cultivate relations with the Bush administration.
Bushs visit ended on an elegaic note at a Memorial Day commemoration at Normandy where he summoned memories past heroism to sustain the current generations war against terrorism.
ITALY: A NEW NATO?
The last day of Bushs schedule returned the focus to Russia and its relationship with America and the West. NATO leaders met outside Rome to welcome Russia into a new
relationship that, in the fervent words of Lord Robertson, "buried" the Cold War; a ceremony performed many times since
the late 1980s. Heralded as "NATO at 20," the new structure provided for Russia to be represented in a council with the 19 other NATO members.This arrangement differs sharply from the old system in which Russia met with a representative of NATO as a whole. Unanimity would be required for action by the new group. Would this structure allow Russia to lobby national capitals before a NATO
decision, making Russia a de facto member of the alliance? Or would it prove no different in practice to the joint partnership council that preceded it?
The Russians hope that this initiative really is "new." Russias foreign policy establishment lays great stress on
their countrys having a role within NATOs decisionmaking process. Sergei Rogov, Director of the Institute for United States and Canadian Studies at the Russian Academy of
Sciences, recently argued that NATO is where coordination among core states takes place. The practical issue from his perspective is whether Russia will be able to participate
fully in the development of common policies. However, that raises other concerns about how closely Russias interests match those of the United States and its European allies.
Is Russias new role in NATO a permanent (and ultimately problematic) solution to the temporary problem of global terrorism?
NATOs current members place less emphasis on the alliance than Russia, with Washington in particular seeing it
primarily as a starting point for ad hoc coalitions of the willing. Member states capable of acting in a given
situation and faced with a reason to intervene will do so.
Others will remain on the sidelines. Stalled efforts to build an EU reaction force independent of NATO reflect
dissatisfaction among some segments of the European political class, but the renationalization of security policy in Europe after September 11 halted this trend. The
unwillingness of governments to raise military spending to a level that would provide independent capabilities made an effective European force unlikely in any event. Instead, NATO again has devised plans to close the gaps between American and other allied forces through a program of
increases in military spending as a proportion of GDP. This 2 percent solution, like the earlier 3 percent solution during the late 1970s, could amount to real money if NATO
members implement the program.
If domestic politics in Europe set the context for Bushs visit, promoting the next step in the war on terrorism and
consolidating democratic stability in Europe served as its underlying theme. The connection between them lies in the fact that the September 11 attacks exposed a fissure between
the Western exponents of globalization and those elsewhere who see that process as yet another foreign assault on their interests. An effective response to this challenge requires
cooperation on many levels among core Western states. Bush used the trip to build support quietly among allies skeptical of American policy in the Middle East and particularly a confrontation with Iraq.
Some observers overstate the motives behind the Bush administrations policy.
Josef Joffe of Die Zeit recently
likened Bush to Otto von Bismarck for replicating Bismarcks late nineteenth century policy of drawing European states
into a network of alliances that prevented conflicts and the formation of any coalition against the hegemonic power in Europe. Nobody in Washington, however, lives in fear of a
threatening coalition of the kind Bismarck sought to block.
The reality of American policy is far more prosaic.The Bush administration wants to find common ground with its European allies and Russia in the ongoing war against
terrorism without compromising its effectiveness. The test of this search is pragmatic not philosophical, and American
policy at this point is less a system than an unanticipated experiment in reworking an old alliance -- NATO-- and
constructing another new one with Russia.
Foreign Policy Research Institute
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